Antique Chinese Ceramics, Pottery, Porcelain | China Online Museum
Chinese ceramic ware is an artform that has been developing since the dynastic periods. The first types of ceramics were made about ten to eleven thousand years ago. Chinese ceramics range from construction materials such as bricks and tiles, to hand-built pottery vessels fired in bonfires or kilns (窯), to the sophisticated porcelain wares made for the imperial court.
Antique Chinese Ceramics, Pottery, Porcelain
|Yongzheng Period Bowl, Early Qing Dynasty|
There are two primary categories of Chinese ceramics, low-temperature-fired pottery or táo (陶, about 950-1200℃) and high-temperature-fired porcelain or cí (瓷, about 1250-1400 ℃). The history of Chinese ceramics began some eight thousand years ago with the crafting of hand-molded earthenware vessels. Soon after, in the late neolithic period, the potter's wheel was invented facilitating the production of more uniform vessels. The sophistication of these early Chinese potters is best exemplified by the legion of terracotta warriors found in the tomb of the First Qin Emperor (r. 221-210 BC).